The Ionian Islands have a rich winegrowing history. Most wines are made from native and local grape varieties such as Robola, Vertzami and Kakotrygis. The Ionian island of Ithaki is thought to have been the home of Odysseus in Homer’s epic Odyssey and wine from both Cephalonia and Corfu is mentioned in the story. This would suggest that viticulture here dates back at least 2500 years.
Vineyard locations on south-facing mountain slopes provide ample sunshine during the day and cooler nights. This helps the grapes to retain acidity as they ripen
There are only three PDO-level appellations in the Ionian Islands, all of them on the central island of Cephalonia: Robola of Cephalonia, Muscat of Cephalonia and Mavrodaphne of Cephalonia. These appellations all produce single-varietal wines, and the dry whites of Robola of Cephalonia are by far the most famous wines of the Ionian Islands.
There are a handful of PGI appellations across the islands and these have a variety of different requirements for production. PGI Corfu wines call for a minimum of 60 percent Kakotrygis, while the PGI Verdea wines of Zakynthos have very specific vinification
Most popular wines in Ionian islands are:
Corfu: Ktima Theotoky, Grammenos, Nikolouzos, Goulis, Leivadiotis
Zakynthos: Goumas, Ktima Grampsa,Mercati Gaetano
Kefalonia: Robola, Orealios Gaea, Gentilini Galliga Rubis